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Te Rangitukutuku/Māori Medium e-Learning Planning Framework

Te Rangitukutuku/Māori Medium e-Learning Planning Framework: Daphne Papuni

“Ko tō ringa ki ngā rākau ā te Pākehā, hei ara mō tō tīnana”

The Māori medium eLearning Planning Framework (MMeLPF), like its tuakana document, the eLearning Planning Framework (eLPF), is a self review tool to gauge a kura/school’s current e-capability position. It enables the gathering of evidence about their current practice. This roadmap gives kura a sense of their starting point, with a view to progressing their e-learning capability. Developed as a pathway to support Māori medium settings, it was scoped and developed separately to the English medium framework. 

Te Rangitukutuku screenshot

Development of MMeLPF

The MMeLPF and eLPF are the same in design and purpose. Both are built on  research and knowledge about e-learning frameworks, leadership, methodologies; self review models and examples. MMeLPF reflects key messages within Ka Hikitia and Te Marautanga o Aotearoa, that is, ‘Māori achieving success as Māori’ and ‘ko te ākonga te pūtake o te ako (student at the centre of learning)’. 

The MMeLPF has also been informed by the voices of the Māori medium sector. Scoping for MMeLPF included an Ohu Matua (sector advisory group), and an Ohu Whāiti (sector focus group) at all phases of development, consultation, and piloting. The framework was trialled in 13 individual Māori medium settings and shaped by the experiences of these Kaiako.

Members of the Ohu Matua were selected for their collective knowledge and  integrity in the Māori-medium sector; knowledge and experience in their varied roles; knowledge around e-Learning; and cross sector representation.

Members of the Ohu Whāiti were current practitioners in Māori medium settings; fluent speakers of te reo me ōna tikanga; represented range of iwi; represented the range of Māori medium settings.

Ingoa Māori

Te Rangitukutuku1

Feedback from both Ohu included the need to give the framework a Māori name, one reflective of its purpose and more acceptable to Māori medium. Te Rangitukutuku was offered and accepted by the Ohu Matua and Whāiti. 

Two key concepts are reflected in Te Rangitukutuku: rangi (sky) and tukutuku (latticework panels).  The night sky used as a navigational tool, guided Māori from the ancestral homeland of Hawaiki to Aotearoa. Within the framework, rangi refers to the use of the five dimensions as a pathway that will guide ways forward for kura. Tukutuku panels grace the many marae across Aotearoa. They are keepers of traditional knowledge, and stories and patterns are unique to the hapū and whānau of that marae. When applied to the framework, tukutuku refers to the personalised journey kura will develop and embark upon.  Each will travel on a unique pathway and have their own story to tell.

Characteristics particular to Te Rangitukutuku/MMeLPF

As a self review tool, the framework invites kura to review their practice, processes and knowledge of eLearning against the following five dimensions:

  • Te Ao o te Ākonga (Beyond the classroom)
  • Te Kanohi Mataara (Leadership)
  • Te Ako (Learning and Teaching)
  • Whanake Ngāiotanga (Professional learning)
  • Te Hangarau, te Tūāpapa (Technologies & Infrastructure)

Feedback from both the Ohu Matua and Ohu Whāiti identified the need for the self review process to be inclusive/cognisant of whānau and ākonga voice. In response to this feedback:

Te Rangitukutuku2

  • Whānau voice is invited and ensures e-learning is collectively managed and supported by kura, whānau, and ākonga. 
  • The framework invites whānau to provide their perspective and feedback against the dimensions. 
  • Ākonga voice is invited to ensure their perspective is taken into consideration as they move towards managing their learning
  • Keeping the ākonga at the forefront ensures the focus is maintained for raising student outcomes/achievement 

Using Te Rangitukutuku/MMeLPF

In 2014, two versions of the framework exist, a pdf /paper version, and an online (smart tool) version. It is envisaged the paper version will eventually be made available to all Māori medium settings. The smart tool version is being trialled by those Māori medium settings participating in the Learning with Digital Technologies (LwDT) PLD programme. 

Māori medium settings and kura currently receiving LwDT PLD have used or are using the framework to gather data and gauge their e-learning capability. They will develop a set of ‘where to next’ steps and action plan to move forward. 

“Mai i te wā i tīmata mātou o Tuia te Matangi ko tēra te tauira, ko Te Rangitukutuku….Ki a au he tauira pai mō te tautoko i ngā kura, i te whānau me pēhea te whakatinana pai, whakatinana tika i te mahi hangarau mōhiohio ki roto i tō kura”  Principal, Te Kura Kaupapa Māori o Tuia te Matangi, 2013

Written in te reo Māori, feedback over the course of development and trialling phases indicated a need to ensure the framework was accessible to a range of possible participants, including whānau and ākonga. To this end, some sections of the framework are bilingual; an electronic word glossary and paper copy of the glossary have been useful in allowing whānau, ākonga and kaiako to engage with the framework and to share their voice.

“Ko te ako-e, he mahinga ngātahi”, Merita Waitoa-Paki, Te Kura Kaupapa Māori o Tuia te Mātangi, 2013

Te Rangitukutuku/MMeLPF is a starting point, a means of gauging and forging a pathway towards building e-learning capability. Its journey of development and effectiveness in supporting kura is far from over.

For more information, visit the Māori Medium e-Learning Planning Framework page (TKI), as well as the group in the Virtual Learning Network, Using the e-Learning Planning Frameworks or contact